This Book re-examine the very nature of tanning and modern tanneries in Kano in the period 1949 - 2000. The year 1949 witnessed the first modem tannery in Kano.The production of leather has long been the most important crafts for the people of Kano.After the Colonial conquest in 1903 of Kano, the British took over the control material sales ranging from cotton, to groundnuts and hides and skins. Hence, colonial policies on these products were introduced. This study looks into the historical development of the Modern Tanning Industry, the first being established in 1949. It also explores the position of the Nigerian ‘Fanning Industry and World Trade. The marketing out-lets of both the wet blue skin and the finished leather are mostly out-side Nigeria and a minimal percentage of the finished leather is consumed locally or at the domestic level, People from the lgbo ethnic groups from the eastern part of Nigeria are the major marketers of the finished leather within the country.
News Media and Journalism in Pakistan deals with two main issues of journalism in Pakistan. One is the primary concept of media system in Pakistan. This has been thoroughly discussed through the use of exhaustive theoretical framework. The second aspect of the study is study of journalist professionals in the context of communicator research. Communicator research in the present study deals with professional role conceptions of journalists in two main cities of Pakistan, namely Peshawar and Islamabad. The overall structure of Pakistani media system, its interaction with other social systems in the country has been put into context. The overall idea coming out of the whole study gives the image of an institution that is weak in itself, but the group of professionals working in it are powerful enough to survive in the face of a very powerful political system. The main yardstick for professionalism in the country is security, job and personal. Professionalism in the Pakistani media is more of a self concept than reality.